OUTLINE

The Causal Basis of Perception: A New Integration on a Gibsonian Base by Jack H. Schwartz

I.  THE DEFINITION OF PERCEPTION

II THE PHYSICAL BASIS OF PERCEPTION

Entities.

Energy.

Media.

Object Structure and Energy Structure.

The ”Specification” of Objects

Specification and Invariance

Philosophical Note: Primary and Secondary Sense Qualities

The Physical Basis for the Distinction Between “Primary” and “Secondary” Sense Qualities

III.  THE PHYSIOLOGICAL BASIS OF PERCEPTION

A.  The Sampling and Display of Energy Structure.

Contact Gradient Pick-up

The Pick-Up of Ambient Contact Gradients

The Pick-Up of Ambient Light Gradients

The Pick-Up of Ambient Sound Gradients

Order as the Essence of Display.

Specification of Space

Space/Object Specification and Self-Initiated Movement.

B.  Physiological Isolation and Segregation of Object-Specific Energy Attributes.

Physiological Explanation in Psychology

Perception and Psychophysics

The Sensory Registration of Energy Features

Ratio Response and Object Perception

The Value and Significance of Color Constancy.

Sharp Energy Boundaries as the Prerequisite for Object Perception

The Perceptual Significance of Sensory Adaptation

Philosophical Note On the Epistemological Import of Stimulus Failure

IV.  THE PSYCHOLOGICAL BASIS OF PERCEPTION

Action Regulation as the Biological Function of Consciousness

Perception and Attention

Attention, Self-Initiated Movement, and Perception of the External world.

Proprioception and the Autonomy of Self-Generated Movement

Perceptual Learning

The Automatization of Attention and Receptor Movements

Perception and conceptualization

V.  A VINDICATION OF THE OBJECTIVITY OF SENSE PERCEPTION

Perceptual “Illusions”

VI.  A SUMMARIZATION AND RESTATEMENT OF THE THEORY

The Physical Basis of Perception:

The Physiological Basis of Perception:

The Psychological Basis of Perception

REFERENCES

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